Adventure in Iran

Adventure in Iran

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Adventure in Iran

Here on this article we are going to talk about the Adventure activities that are mostly common in Iran.  As you might know, adventure has no borders you can travel everywhere and make your story. However, to start your venture you need to know at first, your interests and then looking for the convenient location.

Moreover, you can get familiar with some popular activities in Iran that might be you interest.


  1. Trekking

Iran benefits from a vast natural potentials and above them all, there are many mountains here to climb. In fact, you can find more than 150 mountains that are above 4000 meters above the sea level. Therefore, that makes it a suitable destination for those who would like to spend their holiday on trekking.

Beside that Mount Damavand (5610 m) is the most famous and the most popular destination for both foreign and domestic climbers. Damavand is known as the highest volcano of Asia. During the harsh weather in fall and winter. Many climbers give their effort to trek Damavand in summer (Between June to September.)

So if you are interested in trekking, go for Damavand.


  1. Skiing, and Ski mountaineering

Second place belongs to Skiing. Snow condition on Mountains in Iran are the best. As we have the most leveled ski resorts, it is a very convenient place for skiing. In addition, even for those who are seeking for more adventure they try Ski Mountaineering in Iran. You can find many unknown places here in Iran to Ski. One of the top destinations for ski Mountaineering in Iran is Alam-Kuh (4848 m) and Doberar mountain ridge.

Although Ski mountaineering is all new kind of sport in Iran but the Mountaineering federation with the help other related associations have provided a very good platform for Ski mountaineering enthusiasts.


  1. Rock Climbing

Rock climbing has become more interesting day by day in Iran among people. Regarding this matter the more climbing sites has been spotted. You can find in every city or province. Normally for those who are interested in rock climbing they can find the best spots from BigWall Climbing to Bouldering and sport climbing.

Bisotun region in Kermanshah is one of them. If you are interested in other categories you can have the opportunity to spot other places near the big cities, without worrying about transportation or the safety of your travel.

  1. Expeditions

As we mentioned before Iran is mostly covered by mountains. In fact, 2/3 of the country is covered by mountains. And in some regions like Zard-Kuh or Alborz Mountain ridge it benefits from a very long winter. Therefore, for those who are seeking for a cheap training spot for training Iran can be a very good destination. As they can, Climb leveled mountains in winter and get ready for their biggest dreams like expeditions in Himalayas.

Mount Damavand (5610 m) as the highest summit in Iran is a good destination for that. And in the following, you can try Alam-Kuh (4848 m), which is the second highest mountain of Iran. On the other hand, try Sabalan (4811 m) which is the third highest one in the country.




Types of Rock Climbing

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Types of Rock Climbing

You might think rock climbing is just a sport like the rest. But it’s complicated and divided into so many groups that they may confuse you. Here is a short list from types of rock climbing  which can help you figure out.

Free solo

Free solo is the easiest type of climbing to describe. There are no ropes or harnesses involved and your only equipment is your hands and legs. In addition, if you fall, you should start from the beginning again if you are lucky enough to cheat death for one more day!

Free soloing is considered to be one of the most dangerous types of rock climbing despite the joy you have because the freedom of movement. The list of people who have died from falling while free soloing is not short at all. So, if you want to live a long life, use your harness and rope.


In bouldering, you do not use any ropes or harnesses as well. It is not as dangerous as free soloing since the height of the walls are no higher than 6.1 meters high. So, the amount of injuries are less. Bouldering is mostly done in indoor sites and on artificial walls. There are bouldering mats in case of falling. It can take place on real walls but it may cause damage due to overuse of holds.

Free Climbing

In free climbing there are ropes and harnesses involved. You can climb with the help of footholds and handholds. Note that the rope just prevents major injuries in case of falling and it does not assist climbers on their way up. It is divided into two types: Sport Climbing and Traditional Climbing. There are slight differences between these two types. For example, traditional climbers use cams, chocks and other hardware into cracks in the rock to protect themselves from falling. On the other hand, sport climbers use quick draws to climb routes that have preplaced bolts as a protection.

Speed Climbing

In speed climbing, as well as the name says, speed is the goal. Speed climbing competitions take place on artificial walls. Walls are usually 15 meters high. In speed climbing, the two climbers race side by side. They sprint and jump to be the first one who gets to the top. It is also easy for spectators to relate with the match because whoever get to the tip first, is the winner!

Lead Climbing

In lead climbing, people climb in groups of two or more. The first climber to climb the route is called the lead climber. The lead climber is protected by the rope attached to his harness. The other end of the rope is held by the second climber, who is called belayer. The belayer runs the rope through a belay device and feeds rope out as the lead climber rises. If the lead climber falls, the belayer grabs the rope to arrest the fall.

Ice Climbing

Ice climbing is like rock climbing but the surface is different. Moreover, climbing equipment is different. Glacier and frozen waterfalls are popular sites for ice climbers. Ice climbing is better to be done in pairs. Mostly climbers do ice climbing as a part of their mixed climbing program in which involves climbing on ice, rock and snow.


Rock Climbing Grades

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 Rock Climbing Grades

Climbers use two grading systems for sport and top rope climbing. They are YDS (Yosemite Decimal System) and French.

YDS is a grading system for hiking, scrambling, and climbing. It is widely used in the United States while the French system is more popular around the world. These two system correlate with each other. Let us talk about how to understand the level of difficulty of these systems.

There are three parts to a YDS. Let’s clarify with an example. Imagine we see 5.3.

5 talks about “Class” of the hike, scramble, or climb. 5 is a rock wall that needs a rope. The second part which is three, can vary from 2-15 and describes the difficulty of the moves.

Sometimes you might see 5.10a. Letter a, b, c, or d, precisely describes the difficulty of climb. For instance, 5.10a is easier than 5.10d or 5.10a is closer to 5.9 than 5.10d. 5.2-5.9 are beginner levels. 5.10a to 5.11d are intermediate. 5.12a to 5.13d are advanced and 5.14a to 5.15c are professional levels.

The first number is from 1 to 9 and describes the difficulty of the climb.

 In French system, the first number is from 1 to 9 and describes the difficulty of the climb. Letter, a, b, or c, describe the difficulty of the climb just as it does in the YDS. The + in French grades is an added level of specificity that makes the level more precise. 1-6a are beginner levels, 6a+ to 7a+ are intermediate levels, 7b-8b are advanced and 8b+ up to 9b+ are professional levels.

Bouldering Grades

Bouldering grades are different. The French system is exactly the same except for the 9a level for super professional climbers.

The V scale in YDS system is so simple. The level of the difficulty varies from 0-17. V0 is the beginner level and V17 is the hardest one.


Rock Climbing in Iran

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Rock Climbing in Iran


In Rock climbing, players are supposed to climb or traverse natural rock faces or artificial rock walls with the help of special equipment like ropes and harnesses or even without any of these depending on the level of difficulty. It is a kind of sport which tests climber’s strength and balance.

Since there are different kind of rock formations, it has been divided into several types such as big wall climbing, bouldering, sport climbing and free solo.

As you might know, Iran is a four season country which means you can rock climb natural rocks in all seasons in different areas of Iran. Here is a list of places where you can climbing in Iran.

Travellers must be noted that the best time for any type of rock climbing is from June to September.

Bouldering sites:


There are plenty of bouldering sites in Iran where you can climb. Let us start with the great capital, Tehran (Teheran). Apart from all the historical architectures, grand bazaar and national museums, Tehran Province has three great spots for bouldering. If you want to climb all three rocks, you need a 4 day tour. First you can boulder in Keshar region where is a small village in North West of Tehran. Ice-Line in Darband and Vardij Village are the other two sites where you can boulder in Tehran.


Hamedan, the capital of Hamedan Province is believed to be one of the oldest cities in Iran. Climbing rocks in Hamedan is suggested to be mixed with cultural plans because this city is filled with historical sites. Beside bouldering in Qasemi region in Hamedan, you can visit Hegmatane, Alavian Dome, Alisadr Cave and Museum of Hegmatane.

Sport climbing


Sang Souri region is where you can sport climb in Qazvin. Not only is it highly recommended to sport climb but also there are lots of other things that any rock climber would need to do while they are recovering.

Big wall climbing sites

Alam-Kuh (4848m)

First of all, let us introduce you the great Alam-Kuh. It is the second highest mountain in Iran after Damavand and also it is the most technical mountain in Iran. Alam-Kuh is famous for its big walls. You can also try crack climbing in Alam-Kuh. In order to get to these big walls, you need to take ‘Alamchal’ route where you also will camp. First you head to Vandarbon County; from there you trek to Alamchal where you can also rent mules to carry your extra loads.

You should know that the level of difficulty varies from 5.9 to 5.14 depending on the route you choose to climb.


Bisotun is an ancient site related to ‘Achaemenian’ dynasty. Mount Bisotun (Bisotoun) is a mountain in Zagros mountain range. It is located in Kermanshah Province where is in west of Iran. Beside the historical monuments it has a great potential in conducting adventure such as rock climbing, base jumping and high lining.

The Bisotun Big Wall climbing event was held three times in Bisotun area in Iran in at last three years. It can be said that this is the biggest and one of the most important rock climbing events in Iran.