Iran is among the top 20 countries in the world, in terms of the total area (1,648,195 ) according to Statista.com. Approximately around two/3rd of the area of Iran is the covered with mountains.
Iran enjoys from more 150 summits above 4000 meters and crosses the all the summits of the Alps. Here on this article we are going to get familiar with top three highest mountains. We are going to understand where they are located. When is the best time for climbing, skiing? And other general details.
Mount Damavand is the highest volcano of Asia and the highest mountain of Iran. It recognized as the symbol of Iranians. Regarding to these facts it is an interesting place for mountain climbers. Activities like trekking, mountain biking, ski mountaineering, glacier climbing and winter expeditions and other activities of the same nature.
There are so many routes to climb mount Damavand. However, there are mostly two faces of the south and the north east which are popular among mountain climbers.
There are two huts on Damavand. One placed on the south route at 4200 meters (Bargah Sevoom). You can rent private rooms or public rooms and use the facilities of the hut.
The other one located on the northeast face and located at 4400 meters above the sea level. The hut is the basic shelter and you must be equipped well especially in winter.
There are also eco camps in the trekking season on the both faces, which are according to the international standards.
If you are interested in trekking the highest volcano of Asia, you can trek Damavand between mid-June to late September. And if you are interested in winter ascend you can start from November to early March.
Alam-Kuh is the second highest mountain of Iran and known as the most technical mountain of Iran. From trekking to BigWall climbing and ski mountaineering you can enjoy the different paths. And more to have chance for summiting many 4000rs summits.
There are no hut on Alam-kuh except the hesarchal Eco-camp, which is suitable for foreign adventurists and tourists.
If you are interested in BigWall climbing you can take the Alam-chal route for climbing. You must conquer with 300 meters wall of granite for climbing.
The best time for trekking is between June to September and for ski mountaineering you can try Alam-kuh between early December to end of March.
Sabalan Mountain is the third highest mountain of the Iran and located in Ardabil province. It is 4811 meters. The bold point about sabalan is the Crater Lake summit, it is mostly frozen during the year. Between July to September (trekking season) you can enjoy the lake at the summit.
There is shelter on the northeast face of Sabalan with only basic facilities and to get you ought to be well Equipped. Ardabil is recognized as the coldest part of Iran and regarding this matter it mostly covered with snow and it is a perfect place for ski mountaineering.
Climbing in iran is really interesting, Iran is a country with so many mountains with the elevation of above 4000 meters and it also a home to the highest volcano of Asia, Damavand. Damavand itself is a symbol of power and perseverance to Iranian people.
In a country with this great background, there must be intriguing stories about first ascends to each mountain. In this context we are going to find out about two of the highest peaks in Iran, Damavand and Alam-Kuh.
As mentioned before, Damavand is the highest volcano of Asia and also the highest peak in Iran. Every year, thousands of people ascend Damavand in different ways such as trekking, ski-mountaineering and etc. One of the documented attempts for ascending Damavand dates back to more than thousand years ago. An Arab geographer called ‘Abu Dolaf’ tried ascending Damavand. Although he could not reach the summit, he has mentioned sulphuric stones. There is also a weak evidence that says that local people could reach the summit in five days and saw a flat peak although it looks like a cone from distance. All these sayings show that first attempts have been made around thousand years ago for the first time.
During 1793 to 1798, European tried climbing Damavand but it was not successful as well. They faced the same giant volcanic sulphuric stones that blocked their way. The first recorded ascend belongs to an English explorer named Taylor Thomson. He stayed there for a night.
The first winter ascend was done by a French mining engineer, geologist and archeologist named Jean-Jacques de Morgan in 1889.
A group of Iranian people could get to the top for the first time in 1853 which is in Qajar time.
Alam-kuh is the second highest mountain of Iran which is also famous for its technical big walls. It was first reached by Iranians in 1951. First attempts for climbing big walls of Alam-kuh took place in 1964 by an Iranian mountaineer named F. Amiralayi and a German engineer could move 400 meters but the path was long and they got tired so they returned. Two years later, French people could construct a new path which was easier to climb. In in 1968 the first group of Iranian people could ascend these walls.
Today, there are so many tours available for people who would like to clime these technical walls of Iran.