Climbing History in Iran

Posted By : atour@seir/ 352

Climbing in Iran

Climbing in iran is really interesting, Iran is a country with so many mountains with the elevation of above 4000 meters and it also a home to the highest volcano of Asia, Damavand. Damavand itself is a symbol of power and perseverance to Iranian people.

In a country with this great background, there must be intriguing stories about first ascends to each mountain. In this context we are going to find out about two of the highest peaks in Iran, Damavand and Alam-Kuh.


As mentioned before, Damavand is the highest volcano of Asia and also the highest peak in Iran. Every year, thousands of people ascend Damavand in different ways such as trekking, ski-mountaineering and etc. One of the documented attempts for ascending Damavand dates back to more than thousand years ago. An Arab geographer called ‘Abu Dolaf’ tried ascending Damavand. Although he could not reach the summit, he has mentioned sulphuric stones. There is also a weak evidence that says that local people could reach the summit in five days and saw a flat peak although it looks like a cone from distance. All these sayings show that first attempts have been made around thousand years ago for the first time.

During 1793 to 1798, European tried climbing Damavand but it was not successful as well. They faced the same giant volcanic sulphuric stones that blocked their way. The first recorded ascend belongs to an English explorer named Taylor Thomson. He stayed there for a night.

The first winter ascend was done by a French mining engineer, geologist and archeologist named Jean-Jacques de Morgan in 1889.

A group of Iranian people could get to the top for the first time in 1853 which is in Qajar time.


Alam-kuh is the second highest mountain of Iran which is also famous for its technical big walls. It was first reached by Iranians in 1951. First attempts for climbing big walls of Alam-kuh took place in 1964 by an Iranian mountaineer named F. Amiralayi and a German engineer could move 400 meters but the path was long and they got tired so they returned. Two years later, French people could construct a new path which was easier to climb. In in 1968 the first group of Iranian people could ascend these walls.

Today, there are so many tours available for people who would like to clime these technical walls of Iran.